roman

GoodGod!

December, 2018

Meet the Gods: Mithras, the Pagan Christ Child

 

(This figure of the Persian god Mithras is at the National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.)

 

Merry meet.

Mithras, god of the sun in ancient Rome, was born around the winter solstice and experienced a resurrection around the spring equinox. The ancient Persian-Roman religion called Mithraism thrived before Christianity, dating back some 4,000 years. It gains attention because the similarities between his story and that of Jesus are numerous.

He was born of the virgin Anahita on December 25. He was, according to an article on truthbeknown. com by Acharya S. and D.M. Murdock, “wrapped in swaddling clothes, placed in a manger and attended by shepherds.”

He traveled far and wide as a teacher and a master who performed miracles and had 12 companions. He was omniscient. Both the lion and the lamb were his symbols. Hundreds of years before the birth of Jesus, the Lord’s Day, or Sunday, was said to be Mithras’ sacred day. Baptisms were important, midnight services were held and he was often said to carry a lamb on his shoulders. Mithraism’s scared rock was Petra.

As the ‘great bull of the Sun,’ Mithra sacrificed himself for world peace. He ascended into heaven. Mithra was viewed as the Good Shepherd, the ‘Way, the Truth and the Light,’ the Redeemer, the Savior, the Messiah,” according to the article.

Mithra was worshiped as Mitra or Itu in the Indian Vedic religion. It is believed he was born in a cave on December 25 and was the mediator between man and god.

 

(In this relief from the 2nd century AD, Mithras kills the sacred bull and from its blood and semen arise the plants and animals. Source: Neues Museum, Berlin)

 

His cult spread from India west to Germany, Spain and England, and was supported by soldiers of the Roman Empire, becoming the primary rival to the newly developing religion of Christianity. In 307, Diocletian consecrated a temple on the Danube River to Mithra, “Protector of the Empire,” as stated in britannica.com.

According to myth, Mithra was born, bearing a torch and armed with a knife, beside a sacred stream and under a sacred tree, a child of the earth itself. He soon rode, and later killed, the life-giving cosmic bull, whose blood fertilizes all vegetation. Mithra’s slaying of the bull was a popular subject of Hellenic art and became the prototype for a bull-slaying ritual of fertility in the Mithraic cult,” according to the entry written by the editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Mithra, also spelled Mithras, was the god of light in ancient Indo-Iranian mythology.

The Persian version of Mithra was a benevolent solar deity bestowing wealth and health.

He was mighty, strong, unconquered and king of the gods, and was often portrayed as a sun disc in a chariot drawn by white horses.

Winter festivals, common in cultures around the world, were intended to strengthen the fire of the sun so that it would return. They were celebrated in the name of Mithras, who can be called as a god to your circle this Yule.

Merry part. And merry meet again.

***

About the Author:

Lynn Woike was 50 – divorced and living on her own for the first time – before she consciously began practicing as a self taught solitary witch. She draws on an eclectic mix of old ways she has studied – from her Sicilian and Germanic heritage to Zen and astrology, the fae, Buddhism, Celtic, the Kabbalah, Norse and Native American – pulling from each as she is guided. She practices yoga, reads Tarot and uses Reiki. From the time she was little, she has loved stories, making her job as the editor of two monthly newspapers seem less than the work it is because of the stories she gets to tell. She lives with her large white cat, Pyewacket, in central Connecticut. You can follow her boards on Pinterest, and write to her at woikelynn at gmail dot com.

A Year and A Day

September, 2013

Pantheons

 

Many Wiccans are polytheistic, meaning they worship in many gods and goddesses as part of their belief system.

 

A ‘pantheon’ is a set of gods and goddesses from a particular religion or mythology.  Popular pantheons include Greek, Roman, Egyptian, Norse, Celtic, Hindu, Japanese, and Native American.

 

Sometimes there is overlap between deities from different pantheons.  For example, Greek and Roman deities often overlap, however are given different names.  Celtic deities often overlap with Gaulish and Brittanic deities.

 

Some Wiccan groups insist that you work within a singular pantheon, however some groups find that working with deities from different pantheons is acceptable.  Most Wiccans agree that you should work with a group of deities that you feel particularly called to.  Whether you follow your ancestry or look elsewhere, your connection to the divine is deeply personal and subjective.  Listen to your intuition!

 

Below are some of the major pantheons used in Wicca and examples of some of the more popular deities.  This is by no means an exhaustive list – do you own research to find what speaks to you!

 

 

 

 

 

CELTIC

Cernunnos  – ‘The Horned One’. Ancient God of fertility, nature, and animals.

Dagda – ‘The Good God’.  God of protection, knowledge, warriors.

Danu – ‘Great Mother’, mother of the Tuatha Dé Danann. Goddess of the earth, rivers, wells.

Lugh – God of the sun, craftsmanship, and many other skills.

Brigid – Triple goddess; fire of inspiration (poetry), fire of the health (healing, fertility), fire of the forge (smithcraft).

Morrigan – ‘Great Queen’, ‘Phantom Queen’. Goddess of war, death, prophecy.

 

 

 

 

 

NORSE

Odin – ‘All Father’, ruler of the Aesir. God of war, death, wisdom and magic.

Frigg – Goddess of marriage.  Wife of Odin.

Thor – God of thunder and lightning, strength and protection.  Son of Odin.

Baldur – Gentle, handsome son of Odin.

Freyja – Goddess of love, fertility, war, divination and magic.  Sister of Freyr.

Freyr – God of virility, fertility, and prosperity.  Brother of Freyja.

Loki – Trickster god and shape-shifter.

Hel – Goddess of the dead and underworld, ruler of the Land of Mist.  Daughter of Loki.

 

 

 

 

 

EGYPTIAN

Ra – God of the sun.

Nut – Goddess of the night, sky and heaven.

Isis – ‘Divine Mother’.  Goddess of nature, magic, fertility, family and rebirth.

Thoth – God of the moon.

Osiris – God of vegetation and the otherworld.

Anubis – God of funerals, guardian of the dead.

Bast – Goddess of the sun, moon, lions, cats, fertility and war.

Hathor – Cow goddess of love and music, protector of women.

Horus – God of war and the sun.

 

 

GREEK / ROMAN

Zeus/Jupiter – King of the gods, ruler of Mount Olympus. God of the sky and thunder.

Hera/Juno – Queen of the gods, the goddess of marriage and family.

Demeter/Ceres – Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons.

Dionysus/Bacchus – God of wine, celebration, and ecstasy.

Apollo/Phoebus – God of light, knowledge, healing, music, the sun, youth and beauty.

emis/Diana – Goddess of the hunt, virginity, childbirth, the moon and all animals.

Athena/Minerva – Goddess of wisdom, defense and strategic warfare.

Aphrodite/Venus – Goddess of love, beauty, and desire.

 

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Twelve_Olympians

http://www.thenileandegypt.com/deities.html

http://ayearandadaywicca.wordpress.com/