The Road to Runes

March, 2019

Road to Runes: Tiwaz

Elder Futhark Rune of Norse God Tyr, Sacrifice and Law.

month I pulled the rune Dagaz, a rune all about breakthroughs and new
beginnings. This coincided with a major life change for me and
certainly reinforced my confidence in the runes and my journey with

next rune I pulled was Tiwaz, the rune of the god Tyr. Tyr is a god
of war, but also of law and justice. Tyr was invoked when victory was
needed in battle. He gives the day ‘Tuesday’ its name, and has
been conflated with the Roman god Mars.

primary myth is the story of the Binding of Fenrir, the great wolf
who inspired fear, even in the Gods. Fenrir did not trust the Norse
Gods, so when they wanted to place fetters upon him, he wanted a
guarantee he would be released again. He asked one of the gods to
place their arm within his jaws. Only Tyr would do this, knowing full
well Fenrir would bite once they refused to release him. Sure enough,
the fetters securely bound the wolf, and Fenrir bit down as promised,
severing Tyr’s arm from his body.


willing sacrifice for the greater good is a key aspect of Tiwaz.
Giving up something which is important to us for the benefit of
others is noble, but often extremely difficult to do. We don’t need
to lose an arm, like Tyr; Tiwaz can indicate that we need to give up
our time, by volunteering, perhaps, or spending more time with the
kids. Tiwaz could also mean we need to give up something physical.
Maybe you’re in financial difficulties, and selling your beloved
collection of [insert favourite obsession here] could give you the
money you need to see you through to the next pay-cheque.

can also mean sacrificing something we feel is important about
ourselves. Maybe you see yourself as entirely self-reliant but are
struggling on your own with a particular situation. It’s hard to
ask for help when your ego demands that you stand on your own two
feet. Tiwaz dares you to put the arm of your ego in the jaws of the
wolf, and not to flinch as it bites down. You will not be harmed by
the change in your perception of yourself. You might feel too proud
to ask for help, but in this situation, you would learn to have pride
in your friends and family and eventually in yourself for being
willing to change and adapt.


my situation, just having become freelance and working to build a new
schedule and routine, it’s not immediately evident what Tiwaz
represents for me. I have sacrificed my day job in order to support
my family better, but that was a sacrifice I was happy to make-
delighted, in fact! What I have struggled with since the change is
being my own boss. I’ve been so used to having someone else dictate
my schedule, doing it for myself is tricky and slightly alien to me.

Tiwaz is telling me I need to sacrifice my self-image as a
routine-hating rebel. I’ve always seen myself this way; not chained
or fettered to the clock, except when I have to be, due to the
demands of others. Well, now those demands need to come from within.
There’s no boss breathing down my neck, only clients and my own
sense of drive and ambition.

also represents the reign of law and order over chaos, and I hope
that this aspect of the rune is telling me that peace will soon
descend. Chaos has started to blur the edges of my life lately, with
some deep loss and grief, and severe mental health difficulties.
Perhaps, by remaining confident in my decisions and having faith in
my own abilities, order will resume some claim over events, and life
will start to settle back into the routine I so desperately don’t
want, but clearly need.

is a complex rune, and I have no doubt I will find it again in a
future reading. For now, I feel like the rune is telling me not to
grip so strongly to ideas of self-image, and be willing to change
myself for my own benefit, the benefit of others, and for some peace
and calm within my life. Don’t forget, you can tweet me @Mabherick
if you want me to focus on a particular rune for this column. Until
next time!


the Author:

a Pagan author, poet and musician, as well as a freelance journalist.

She is the author of A Modern Celt: Seeking the Ancestorsand Pagan Portals – Celtic Witchcraft: Modern Witchcraft Meets Celtic Ways.

A Modern Celt: Seeking the Ancestors on Amazon

Pagan Portals – Celtic Witchcraft: Modern Witchcraft Meets Celtic Ways on Amazon


August, 2018

Let freedom Ring-Part Two

The Cosmic Horae: Order, Justice and Peace Shall Rule

The Executors of Divine Order

Dike(Order) – Eunomia(Justice) – Eirene(Peace)

Dike: Hora of Order

Themis’ daughters are the seeds of extension for maintaining what has been decreed within the heavens. These are the controls that remand the individual to the laws of karmic order when encountered at death by their mother Themis. Their attributes are the affirmation of cosmic and earthly law being reflections of the same dynamics of order and balance that are upheld in both heavenly and earthly matters.

Dike, in her role as keeper of justice and order made judgment of the moral order of humanity. Dike is often associated with the astrological sign of the Virgin, Virgo. The analytical and careful attention to detail being the primary energy called upon to maintain moral order and justice for all mankind. Hers was the responsibility to ensure that man acted in accord with right action and bestow swift punishment for any infringement, especially in the case of one who was acting as judge and counsel.

The Greek poet, Hesiod speaks of Dike in this way in his epic poem, Works and Days:

“Listen to right and do not foster violence; for violence is bad for a poor man. Even the prosperous cannot easily bear its burden, but is weighed down under it when he has fallen into delusion. The better path is to go by on the other side towards justice; for Dike (Justice) beats Hybris (Outrage) when she comes at length to the end of the race. But only when he has suffered does the fool learn this. For Horkos (Horcus, Oath) keeps pace with wrong judgments. There is a noise when Dike (Justice) is being dragged in the way where those who devour bribes and give sentence with crooked judgments, take her. And she, wrapped in mist, follows to the city and haunts of the people, weeping, and bringing mischief to men, even to such as have driven her forth in that they did not deal straightly with her. But they who give straight judgments to strangers and to the men of the land, and go not aside from what is just, their city flourishes, and the people prosper in it: Eirene (Irene, Peace), the nurse of children, is abroad in their land, and all-seeing Zeus never decrees cruel war against them. Neither famine nor disaster ever haunt men who do true justice; but lightheartedly they tend the fields which are all their care. The earth bears them victual in plenty, and on the mountains the oak bears acorns upon the top and bees in the midst. Their woolly sheep are laden with fleeces; their women bear children like their parents. They flourish continually with good things, and do not travel on ships, for the grain-giving earth bears them fruit.”

Eunomia: Hora of Justice

Eunomia exerted her power as provider of governance of justice through good law. Legislation, judicial determination and their processes and the ultimate outcome of enforcing those determinations made were her specialty. Eunomia’s name is used to describe the “principle of good order”. Her image was often painted on vases and in the company of Aphrodite as a reminder of the need for lawful action in matters of the heart, marriage and loving relationship.

Eunomia was the mother of the three Graces; Aglaea (Grace and Beauty), Euphrosyn (Good Cheer, Mirth and Merriment), and Thalia (Festivities and Banquets). Again, we see the disbursement of the mother’s gifts flowing through the Graces, each needing the space of governance to ensure neither excess nor poverty in their expression.

Demosthenes, the prominent Greek statesman speaks of Eunomia in his rhetoric, Against Aristogeiton :

“You must magnify Eunomia (the Goddess of Order) who loves what is right and preserves every city and every land; and before you cast your votes, each juryman must reflect that he is being watched by hallowed and inexorable Dike (Justice), who, as Orpheus, that prophet of our most sacred mysteries, tells us, sits beside the throne of Zeus and oversees all the works of men. Each must keep watch and ward lest he shame that goddess, from whom everyone that is chosen by lot derives his name of juror, because he has this day received a sacred trust from the laws, from the constitution, from the fatherland,–the duty of guarding all that is fair and right and beneficial in our city.”

Eirene: Hora of Peace

Eirene was the personification of peace. Hers was the final blessing of the action of rightful justice exacted in a lawful way with resolution that would ultimately restore and disperse the Divine Justice of her mother, Themis. So great was her influence that the citizens of Athens set up an altar and erected a votive statue to her in the Agora of Athens. The statue shows her as a young beautiful woman holding the infant Ploutos (the God of wealth) in her arm. In artwork she is also depicted carrying a cornucopia, the symbol of the abundance that may be gathered when peace rules every action.

The poet, Hesiod describes Eirene in this way:

“But they who give straight judgments [i.e. those who invoke the goddess Dike (Justice)] to strangers and to the men of the land, and go not aside from what is just, their city flourishes, and the people prosper in it: Eirene (Irene, Peace), the nurse of children, is abroad in their land, and all-seeing Zeus never decrees cruel war against them. Neither famine nor disaster ever haunt men who do true justice; but hardheartedly they tend the fields which are all their care. The earth bears them victual in plenty, and on the mountains the oak bears acorns upon the top and bees in the midst. Their woolly sheep are laden with fleeces; their women bear children like their parents. They flourish continually with good things, and do not travel on ships, for the grain-giving earth bears them fruit.”

Order, Justice and Peace Shall Rule

There is much we can learn from the Horae and much we can apply to the way in which we live today. The principles of lawful order and justice for all of humanity remain the same. The desire for a peaceful coexistence and the balance and Karmic blessings that are the products is still a dream for many. Remembering the work of the Horae and the natural cycles that surround and are in support of a balanced and orderly life are the beginning steps towards establishing Themis, or Divine order. Taking time to honor and show devotion to the order that is established within your life already and then seeing it grow and extend exponentially into every facet of your life’s work, much like the energy imparted in the daughters of Themis and Zeus, will feed the archetypal energy of these Deities and draw the power of their pursuits back into balancing chaos and discord.

And, the ultimate blessing will be that of knowing the peace of living a life that has come full cycle in embracing the cycles of the seasons, the will of the fates and scales at life’s end of Themis.


1. Hesiod, Works and Days 212 ff (trans. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) :

2. Demosthenes, Against Aristogeiton 25. 11 (Greek rhetoric C4th B.C.) :
3. Hesiod, Works & Days – Greek Epic C8th-7th B.C.


About the Author:

Robin Fennelly is a Wiccan High Priestess, teacher, poet and author.

She is the author of:


The Inner Chamber Volume One

It’s Written in the Stars



The Inner Chamber, Vol. Two

poetry of the Spheres (Volume 2)



The Inner Chamber, Vol. Three

Awakening the Paths



A Year With Gaia

The Eternal Cord


Temple of the Sun and Moon

Luminous Devotions


The Magickal Pen Volume One (Volume 1)

A Collection of Esoteric Writings


The Elemental Year

Aligning the Parts of SELF


The Enchanted Gate

Musings on the Magick of the Natural World


Sleeping with the Goddess

Nights of Devotion


A Weekly Reflection

Musings for the Year


Her books are available on Amazon or on this website and her Blogs can be found atRobin Fennelly 


Follow Robin on Instagram & Facebook.

Across the Great Divide

September, 2012


 “Ghost Hunting Doesn’t Involve Breaking the Law”

It seems that no matter how much I or other professional paranormal investigators lecture on the subject, some immature and amateurish yahoos out there just can’t seem to get the message- if you have to sneak in under the dark of night and uninvited then you’re not real ghost hunters and you deserve all that is coming to you under the letter of the law. Lately there have been more than a few stories that have crossed my desk about so-called ghost hunters having run-ins with local law enforcement.





Let’s be honest. Kids have been sneaking into cemeteries for generations, but now those that get caught are using an excuse that is sadly becoming all too familiar, “But, we’re ghost hunters.”

No. You’re trespassers and you’re breaking the law.

It’s not just cemeteries, which are usually owned and operated by a church or local historical society, that are putting up with this; privately-owned businesses and other historical locations are also facing an increase in unwanted visitors especially after they are featured on one of the many reality ghost hunting shows that plague cable television. The owner of an abandoned mental hospital reluctantly stated that he would have to higher security guards after the stars of SyFy’s Ghost Hunters found evidence of paranormal activity at the site. Since airing the episode local groups and teens have been flocking to the site in hopes of a cheap thrill and capturing evidence of their own. These individuals only succeed in perpetuating the mocking of paranormal research.

Take for example this brief from the Bainbridge, Ohio Police Blotter.

SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY, SOUTH FRANKLIN STREET: Chagrin Falls asked Bainbridge officers to assist with checking the cemetery at 3:27 a.m. on July 22. Three Euclid women were there hunting for ghosts. No vandalism was found. The women were advised of cemetery hours and told to leave.

I think they should have at the very least been gifted with citations for trespassing, which depending on local laws can include anything from a small fine up to and including jail time.

The Burnside city council voted to deny public access to a popular park after several incidents where thrill seekers were making neighbors nervous and scared. Groups began centering on the area after a YouTube video posted 6 months ago supported evidence of a legendary haunting there.

Under the new policy, police patrols of the area would be more frequent and anyone found in the park at night would face a $5000 fine. Permits could be issued to residents who use part of the walkway to access their homes from bus stops.

Trespassing in the St. Louis-area Wildwood property, particularly in the city’s parks, has been an increasing problem based on reports from the St. Louis County Police Department.

Wildwood Police Capt. Kenneth Williams said a pattern arose when residents tried to use or hide in the parks after dark; police also said some destruction of property recently occurred, prompting patrols around the park to increase after a wood carving worth $500 that was stolen from the area.

This is not only scientifically unprofessional, but childish and completely unacceptable behavior from any member of society.

I’d like to note that there is a very serious problem to public safety when police have to be routinely taken off of wider patrols to focus on small areas where any mature individual with common sense and decency knows not to be. Maybe when their house is being robbed, or an accident victim’s injuries might not have been so severe had an officer been closer at the time, then maybe- just maybe- they’ll finally get the hint.

A new after-hours policy was established to discourage people from trespassing in parks and other areas after dark with fines for violating the ordinance being up to $1,000 or a year in jail.

Professionalism doesn’t just apply to your research methods or fancy team jerseys and shiny new equipment. It extends to how you conduct yourselves on and off the field. It isn’t just a love of the paranormal, but a respect for the locations and the owners of those locations.

In many cases contacting the city or church that owns the cemetery or other property and presenting your honest and objective intentions goes a long way toward garnering permission to legally access and investigate the area.

From a purely investigative nature, you could always go there during the day since we know that ghosts don’t just come out at night.

I also want to point out that cemeteries by design are in urban areas close to well-traveled roads and residential homes.  This can seriously pollute any evidence due to a large amount of X factors.  Even abandoned cemeteries in secluded and neglected locations have environmental and noise pollution levels and these factors don’t necessarily decrease just because it is nighttime.

Whether ghost hunting is a hobby or a serious part of your life, it should always be conducted respectfully and professionally. If you can’t do that, then do public safety a favor- stay home and watch it on television.


Sources: Cleveland Live, Eastern Courier Messenger, Eureka-Wildwood Patch

© 2012 R. Wolf Baldassarro/Deep Forest Productions