Notes from the Apothecary

July, 2018

Notes from the Apothecary: Sunflower


Despite being used by many Pagans as a symbol of the Summer Solstice, the bright and bold sunflower actually flowers a little later, in the deep heart of summer, during July and August. When the lazy, hot days take over, before the light starts to wane, these great, golden faces nod towards their namesake, spreading sunshine wherever they grow.

Sunflowers range from small, cheeky bright yellow flowers to towering golden giants, yellow and black, resembling great, mutant bumblebees on stalks. There are darks ones, pale ones and even some that seem almost black or purple.


The Kitchen Garden

Sunflowers are pretty easy to grow, and the seeds are often given to kids to encourage them to enjoy gardening. Competitions to see who can grow the tallest sunflower are common, and watching the plants soar skywards in the warmer months is a prize in itself.

Although they are named for their resemblance to the sun, sunflowers do actually need a sunny spot to achieve their full potential, along with some well drained soil and good compost. Many sunflowers can be grown for their seeds, which are nutritious and tasty when toasted. The seeds are cultivated commercially for their oil, which is used for so many culinary purposes it would take the whole article to list them here! Sunflower oil is a healthier alternative to many fats, even some types of olive oil. It’s fairly neutral in flavour, which makes it widely popular as it can be used in a diverse range of cuisines. Across Eastern Europe, a crumbly version of the sweet halva is made from a sort of sunflower butter.


The Apothecary

Mrs Grieve tells us that the seeds of the sunflower have diuretic properties, meaning they help us pass water more frequently, which can be useful to flush out our kidneys if combined with drinking lots of water. It’s important to remember that when using any diuretic, some important minerals and vitamins can be lost, particularly potassium. Dandelion is a great way to remedy this.

The seeds have also been used as an expectorant, and this application helps with bronchial, larynx and pulmonary issues including whooping cough. Grieve recommends making a medicine with 6oz sugar and 6oz gin! After that much gin, I’m fairly certain that whatever the ailment, you will begin to feel somewhat better… or simply not care that you feel ill!

In other cultures, sunflowers were used to help with snakebites.


The Witch’s Kitchen

Klytie, the Okeanid nymph of Greek mythology, fell in love with either Helios or Apollo (Sol, the Sun), but was forsaken for her sister, Leukothoe. After watching the sun and pining for a time, she was transformed into a flower that followed the sun. Originally, this was the heliotrope, but in modern retellings, due to folklore that states that the sunflower follows the sun throughout the sky, Klytie has become the nymph who transformed into the sunflower. This makes the sunflower a little tragic, a symbol of unrequited love, and a reminder to let go of that which does not serve us.

Sunflower oil is one of the few foods that was historically permitted throughout lent, symbolising fasting, spiritual cleansing and self-discipline.

In a very literal sense, the sunflower represents the sun, and therefore fire, south, passion, love and creativity. Use the petals or whole flowers to decorate the southern aspect of your altar or sacred space. They make a useful offering or decoration at Lughnasadh or Lammas (1st August or thereabouts, depending on your tradition), as not only do they represent the sun at its height, but the harvest, food, wealth and well-being.

Cunningham tells us that sunflower seeds have been used by women who wish to conceive, and also as a protection charm against smallpox. Considering smallpox was eradicated many years ago, this use could be expanded to a general health charm, or a general protection charm, perhaps when combined with other magical elements. Cunningham also states that cutting a sunflower at sunset while making a wish, will cause the wish to come true before the next sunset, if the wish is not ‘too grand’. This is a touch vague, but reminds us to be down to earth, realistic, and that sometimes we need to make our own wishes come true!


Home and Hearth

If you wish to know the truth of a situation, meditate upon the image of a sunflower, or on an actual plant, either outside or in a pot in your house or sacred space. The sunflower represents an open face, total honesty; revealing all aspects of a situation. If you are able to, cut one of the flowers (with permission, never steal flowers and never cut wild-flowers) and when you go to bed that night, place the flower under your bed, all the while focusing on the situation you wish to know the truth of. Make sure that before you go to bed that night, you put a note pad and pen on your bedside table. You should dream of the situation, and the dream should tell you the truth of the situation. As soon as you awake, write down as many details of the dream as you can remember. If you do it immediately, you will remember more detail, so don’t delay!

Use the details in the dream to establish the truth of your situation. If it makes no sense even after this, it means the truth has been hidden for a reason, and you need to let it go.


I Never Knew…

Sunflowers have been used for thousands of years to make dyes for fabrics, in colours ranging from the expected orange and yellow, to brilliant blue!


Image credits: Sunflower (Helianthus L.) by Pudelek via Wikimedia Commons; Blütenstand (tellerförmiger Korb) einer Sonnenblume (Helianthus annuus) in Balve-Eisborn by Asio otus via Wikimedia Commons; Photograph showing a field of sun flowers and a sun spot by Thomas Quaritsch via Wikimedia Commons.



About the Author:

Mabh Savage is a Pagan author, poet and musician, as well as a freelance journalist.

She is the author of A Modern Celt: Seeking the Ancestors and Pagan Portals – Celtic Witchcraft: Modern Witchcraft Meets Celtic Ways.






Enchanting Eats

June, 2011

Sunflower Sunburst Cookies

Photo by Kazuhiko Teramoto, used with Creative Commons license
Link to photo

Now is the time to hit your farmer’s market to enjoy the Sun’s hard work! We are coming into summer squashes, corn, tomatoes, lettuces, cucumbers, peppers, as well as berries, citrus fruits, and melons. This is also a great time to indulge in some local wine or any frilly, fruity drinks.

To honor the Sun, you can choose foods that are the colors of the sun–yellow, white, orange, and red. Cooking over an open fire or grilling tap into the Sun’s heat energy. Sun-dried foods also work in the same way. Spicy foods are also perfect for this time of year.

One flower stands out as a mirror image of the sun, the sunflower. With its radiating yellow petals and sky high stems, it is easy to see the resemblance. These cookies are a great crunchy treat and pack a nutritious punch.

1.             Preheat oven to 350.

2.             In a large bowl, combine 2 cups flour, 1 tsp lemon zest, 2/3 cup (10 Tbsp + 2 tsp) chilled and cubed butter, 1 Tbsp honey, and 1 egg. Dough will be dry.

3.             Knead by hand, or on low setting, until smooth. Wrap and chill for half an hour.

4.             In a saucepan, heat 2½ Tbsp butter, ¼ cup honey, and 2 Tbsp cream over medium heat. Stir in 1¼ toasted sunflower seeds. Set aside and cool.

5.             Roll out chilled dough and cut into shapes. (See below for ideas)

6.             Place on lined sheet pans and top with 1 tsp of the seed topping.

7.             Bake for 12-15 minutes until golden brown. If desired, top with lemon zest while still hot.

You can use any cookie cutter you like, but sunburst cutters are widely available. In a pinch, use a juice glass to cut round cookies. If you don’t like sunflower seeds, no problem. Bake off the cookies sans topping. When cooled, decorate with a simple icing by mixing powdered sugar and lemon juice for a bright variant. Depending on the size of your cookies, you should get 3-5 dozen. That’s plenty for your Summer Solstice celebration!

Enjoy and Blessed Be!

The Witch’s Cupboard

June, 2010



Sunflower (Helianthus Annus) is also known as Corona Solis, Marigold of Peru and Solo Indianus.    Sunflowers are very common as happy gifts and there are in many gardens but Sunflowers have some wonderful magickal uses.  The Sunflower energy can be used by anyone who is trying to channel the energy of the Sun and to get in touch with any fire or sun deities.
Sunflower was sacred to the Aztecs.  They considered it a religious herb and to honor the Sun God, they would carry and adorn themselves with sunflowers.  In Peru, the temples were decorated and honored with sunflowers.
Some of the lore around sunflowers is interesting.  If someone is trying to become virtuous or preserve their virginity, they can anoint themselves with Sunflower oil or juice pressed from the stems of the sunflower.
In addition, if you’re trying to find out the truth, sleep with a sunflower under the bed and the truth of any matter will be revealed to you.  Also, if you cut a sunflower at sunset and make a wish, the wish will come true before another sunset.  But make sure to ask for a wish within reason.  Anything unreasonable or farfetched will not be brought to you.
To protect against smallpox, wear sunflowers seeds in a bag around the neck, either in a pouch or create the seeds into a necklace.  If you’re trying to correct clumsiness, speak with the sunflower deva to help with that and keep you safe.
For women who are trying to conceive, they eat sunflower seeds to encourage fertility and happiness.  Also, it can be used in foods – eating sunflower seeds or adding it into cakes.
It is also a protection herb.  When sunflowers are planted in the garden, it protects against pests and brings luck to the person doing the gardening.  It can also protect energy – someone will not be allowed to send malicious or nasty energy to someone else.  For folks that like working with dragons and lions, the powerful energy of sunflowers can be helpful in working with those fiery beings.
Sunflowers help with depression or unhappiness.  You can always bathe in sunflower oil to help with sadness, attract joy and also to lift the spirits.  Sunflower oil can also be used to anoint ritual robes or tools, especially crystals and stones in healing.
So remember, when working with the Sunflower herb, make sure you’re using it to help with positivity and joy.
Remember, this is not a substitution for medical advice so always check with a medical professional to make sure working with herbs or oils are safe for you.

Keywords for Sunflower:
Magickal Uses/Spells:  Health, Wisdom, Happiness, Wishes, Wisdom, Fertility, Releasing Sadness
Deities:  Apollo, Demeter
Planet:  Sun
Signs:  Leo, Virgo
Gender:  Masculine
Element:  Fire
Tarot Correspondence:  Sun